On June 25, the USPSTF released its final recommendations on behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention in adults. The Task Force found that counseling people who have no risk factors for heart disease to encourage a healthful diet and physical activity offers only limited benefits. The recommendation applies to adults 18 and older who have not been screened for or diagnosed with cardiovascular risk factors. Primary care physicians may choose to selectively provide counseling to encourage healthy lifestyle choices to prevent cardiovascular disease to certain patients, depending on their risk factors. The USPSTF also recommends that physicians screen adults for obesity and offer or refer those who screen positive to a comprehensive weight loss and behavior management program.