Many people experience brief moments of fear just before a public speaking engagement or a first date. However, for people suffering from anxiety disorders, feelings of fear and dread aren't one-time events. They disrupt their lives for at least six months out of the year.
“Anxiety disorders impair social and occupational functioning,” explains Christine Blue, DO, an osteopathic psychiatrist in Lewisburg, West Virginia.
Identifying Types of Anxiety
While many different anxiety disorders exist, Dr. Blue says that the most common are:
Specific phobias caused by intense fear over particular situations or things, such as spiders or heights.
Social anxiety disorder, which is characterized by the fear of being judged negatively in social settings.
Post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of a life-threatening event.
Generalized anxiety disorder caused by constant, uncontrollable worry about daily events, such as finding a parking spot or preparing for a storm.
Calming the Mind
Since it is not uncommon for anxiety
disorders to occur in people who have pre-existing mental or physical
illnesses, physicians will first rule out any medical causes for anxiety
symptoms. Then, the treatment can focus on the underlying cause of the
“Treatment options differ for specific phobias, social anxiety, generalized anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders,” says Dr. Blue. “However, most anxiety disorders are treated with medication, psychotherapy or both.”
At your appointment, your physician may ask about your medical and psychiatric history, perform a physical examination and order lab tests to determine the best treatment for controlling the disorder.
Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine,
or DOs, look beyond your symptoms to understand how lifestyle and
environmental factors affect your wellbeing. They listen and partner
with you to help you get healthy and stay well.